Six small tricks are enough to stimulate the intelligence of your little one. Here are what they are according to the American site babycenter.com. Read also: 11 tips to train children's intelligence
1 To develop his language skills, talk to him as much as possible
Most children between 18 months and 2 years learn a new word a week. According to the American journalist Tracy Cutchlow, editor of the book "Brain Rules for Baby", the more a mother talks, the more the little one learns.
Cutchlow recommends that mothers when they are with children to tell everything they do, in this way the child is exposed to a continuous variety of words.
Another tip is to read him books, and while doing so, try to make different voices for each character.
What doesn't help language development is television. Dialogues in cartoons are too fast to be deciphered by a child, plus it is non-interactive communication. And to learn, children need to interact with people, only in this way can they learn effectively.
"By maintaining a constant flow of conversation, using as varied a vocabulary as possible, you give the child the foundation not only to learn to speak, but also to read and write," says Cutchlow. Read also: Children's language, how to enrich the vocabulary
2 Teach him to recognize emotions
Emotional intelligence, that is, knowing how to recognize one's emotions without being overwhelmed by them, is a fundamental faculty for the development of the child.
"Developing emotional intelligence is important for cognitive and social development " says Ross Flom, an associate professor of psychology and neuroscience at Brigham Young University in Provo, Utah.
Parents' task is to help the little one to frame situations and recognize the emotions they arouse. For example, if a child is accidentally bumped by another and falls, you must immediately explain to him that it was an accident and that he should not be angry, even if he is sorry for what happened. It's nobody's fault.
Or if the little one shares something with someone, you have to explain to him the positivity of his gesture, saying for example: "Well done, you shared your game, look how happy you made the other child".
"By helping your child to connect feeling with action, you are building emotional intelligence, an important resource for a lifetime," concludes Flom.
3 Play the opposites: he will become good at math
Tracy Cutchlow suggests two games to play with your child to teach him how to control his impulses. One is the game of opposites: take a series of simple pictures and show them to the child and ask him to say the opposite subject. For example: if you show the sun, the little one must say night or moon.
Another game is with rhythm. You hit a drum (or something like that) once and it has to hit twice.
In both games you have to make your child stop and think for a moment before acting and go beyond the answer he would give immediately (i.e. seeing the sun he would probably say sun and instead must answer night).
Knowing how to control impulses is a skill related to mathematical skills, and is the key to developing the executive functions of the brain, the skills that allow you to plan, set goals, stay focused. Executive functions are a predictor of academic achievement. Read also: Children learn math by playing
4 To develop her creativity, set up a bedroom that favors the imagination
To foster the natural creativity of the child, we need to create an environment that favors the imagination, explains John Medina author of "Brain Rules for Baby". This does not mean filling the bedroom with the latest toy models. An empty box and a box of crayons can be the best toys on earth.
A good idea is to set up the room with spaces dedicated to different creative options. For example, there may be a space for music, a space for drawing and painting, another for construction games, yet another for costumes.
Read also: 15 tips to enhance children's creativity6 PHOTOS
Let's play with cardboard boxesgo to the gallery
Lots of fun at no cost! Yes, because with cardboard boxes you can invent many creative and fun games together with children. Find out which ones by looking at the photo gallery.
5 Praise the effort and not the child
Research shows that children do better in school when parents praise their efforts at home, not their abilities. So instead of saying: "You were very good at doing the task well", you have to say: "You see you worked hard!". The focus is on what the child did rather than the result, and this helps children associate hard work with success.
Cutchlow explains that in this way children grow up with an "improvement mentality" that is, if you want to, you can do it, instead of a "static mentality" that is that skills are innate and cannot be improved.
"In addition, children with an 'improvement mindset' tend to have a positive attitude towards failures. They do not dwell on their mistakes. They simply see them as problems to be solved and then continue to work."
Also read: Praise your child's efforts, so you improve their learning
6 Point your finger at new things to them and they will learn more
"At about nine months, babies start following your finger to see what you're pointing at," says Flom. Research shows that children learn the language faster if you point at an object, such as a truck, while saying the word.
For example, you can take your child to the biopark and point out the animals while describing them. This exercise promotes not only linguistic, but also social and cognitive development, because it draws attention to something else, outside the parents and the child. In this way the communication starts to become more elaborate.
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Updated on 06.04.2022TAG:
- language development
- create a creative environment
- develop math skills with games
- raise a smart child
- 1-2 children years