Acetone in babies: what it is and how to behave

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Philippe Gloaguen
@philippegloaguen
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Vomiting is not always a symptom of gastroenteritis. Sometimes, it is theacetone o ketosis, a metabolic disorder that occurs when the body runs out of sugar to burn for energy and begins to burn fat. (Read also: gastroenteritis in children)



Particular substances are thus created (i chetonic bodies) which give the breath a characteristic smell of ripe fruit. Often this is the only symptom, but there can also be vomiting, sometimes very intense, to the point of causing dehydration and general malaise, with headache, fatigue, abdominal pain. In some rare cases, unconsciousness may occur.



In this article

  • why acetone occurs
  • acetone therapy

Why it occurs and the diagnosis

L'acetone develops as a result of situations that involve a large expenditure of energy:



  • for example in case of fever (which is therefore a cause and not a consequence),
  • of intense and prolonged efforts,
  • of a diet that is too high in fat.
  • It can also be a manifestation of diabetes or metabolic diseases.
Diagnosis is simple: if the smell of the breath already offers a clue, for confirmation it is enough a urine test to be performed at home, with test strips that can be found in the pharmacy.

Acetone therapy?

As a therapy it is enough to administer oral rehydrating solutions o fruit juices (in small doses and better if cold in case of vomiting) to counteract dehydration and restore sugars.



Attention to diet:

no to foods rich in fat

  • milk,
  • cheeses,
  • butter,
  • fatty meats,
  • fried,
  • chocolate,
  • sausages

and yes to complex carbohydrates, such as bread and pasta.

If the loss of fluids is very intense, you should go to the Emergency room.

Sources: Information page of the Bambino Gesù Pediatric Hospital and advice from Alfredo Guarino.

TAG:
  • stomach ache
  • acetone children
  • 1-2 children years
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