Anxious Mothers: Stress is passed on to their children
Children of depressed or anxious mothers show obvious physiological signs of stress, especially an increase in heart rate, which could lead to additional emotional distress as children grow up.
This was revealed by a study conducted in Germany by the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology. Researchers have shown that mothers with mood disorders, including the postpartum depression, transmit to children a sense of insecurity which then manifests itself in adulthood.
In this article
- Mood disorders generate insecurities in children
- The "Emotionally Distant Mothers" effect
- The study finds a fast heartbeat
Mood disorders generate insecurities in children
The interaction between mother and baby, especially in the first months of life, plays an important role in the healthy growth of the little ones. Some mothers, especially those suffering from mood disorders such as depression, anxiety o postpartum depression, transmit these states to the child, creating insecurities in children as they grow. Mood disorders (such as (irritability, mood swings, depression) are common during pregnancy and during the postpartum period and occur in 10-20% of women.
The "Emotionally Distant Mothers" effect
This is the so-called effect of "emotionally distant" mothers, an effect that has already been shown by several studies, in particular with the "Still Face Test" experiments, a test in which mothers alternate playful moments in front of their children with moments of absolute inexpression of emotional reactions.
Researchers from the German institute have shown that this effect is even more evident when dealing with children of mothers who are already anxious or depressed. In particular, the mother's lack of emotional attention led to a increased heart rate, on average eight beats per minute more than babies of healthy mothers. Furthermore, these children exhibited a more difficult temperament.
explains Fabio Blanco-Dormond, researcher at the University of Heidelberg:
"As far as we know, this is one of the first times this physical effect has been observed in 3-month-old babies. This can fuel other physiological stress systems that lead to etched psychological problems."Read Also: Moms: 5 Tricks To Manage Anxiety
The study finds a fast heartbeat
Experiments were conducted with 50 mothers and their respective children. 20 mothers showed depressive states or anxiety disorders at the time of the tests while the other 30 were healthy. Each mother-child couple was subjected to the "Still Face" paradigm, in which mothers alternated moments of play towards the children with moments of emotional detachment, but maintaining eye contact. During the tests, the researchers measured the heart rates of both mothers and babies.
Researchers found that when mothers were anxious or depressed, the child had a more sensitive physiological response to stress during the moment of lack of attention on the part of the mother. However, the researchers themselves, as Blanco-Dormond explains, admit that this is a preliminary study and that larger samples will be needed to understand how the psychological state of the mother and her lack of attention towards the child can affect the heartbeat. heart rate of the child.
Commenting, the professor Veerle Bergink, director of the women's mental health program at Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, said:
"This work means that it is important to diagnose and treat depressive and anxiety disorders in new mothers, because it has an immediate impact on the baby's stress system. Previous studies have shown not only short-term, but also long-term adverse effects. Postpartum mood disorders in babies. Most postpartum mood disorders begin during, or even before, pregnancy, and early diagnosis is therefore important. "
Altre fonti per questo articolo: Baby heartbeat reveals the stress of having a depressed or anxious motherRead also: Depression: when it affects mothers immediately after giving birth
Questions and answers
What should you do as soon as you realize you are suffering from postpartum depression?
It is good to talk to your partner, friends or family and express your feelings. Often, talking to a trusted person is already a relief. If the problem continues, it is also good to talk to your doctor.
What happens to the baby if the mother is depressed?
Babies of mothers suffering from depression may experience:
- emotional disturbances
- cognitive impairments (such as attention deficit)
- physical problems (increased risk of allergies and sensitivity to infections)
- anxious mamma
- newborn 0-3 months