In case of diarrhea:
The most important thing is to drink a lot! So continue to give the baby some fluids even if he is weak: to babies who need to be nursed, give mother's milk, otherwise a low-sugar herbal tea based on chamomile, cumin, fennel or anise. Fruit tea, hot vegetable broth, carrot soup and plain or tap water are also good carriers of liquids.
If the child continues to have liquid stools, if he vomits or has a fever, it is better to go to the doctor, because especially if we are talking about babies or young children, abundant diarrhea can become dangerous quickly.
To balance the loss of minerals or water, you will need a rehydration or electrolyte solution, available at the pharmacy.
Not being particularly good, it is better to give it cold and in spoons, otherwise freeze it in a popsicle mold and give it like this.
In case of sea urchin stings:
Since the quills are easily broken, soften the affected area overnight with a vinegar compress or a paste made up of water and fresh yeast, or leave a piece of papaya or mango peel with a little pulp. 12 to 24 hours. If you are unable to extract the quills with tweezers, a visit to the doctor is required.
In case of a jellyfish sting:
Never wash the affected area with fresh water, but rather with vinegar or lemon juice. Sprinkle the wound with alcohol or other high-alcohol liquids. After 20-30 minutes, observe the area to check for any remaining tentacles on the skin. If so, cover the affected area with shaving foam or talc and remove the remaining tentacles with the blade of a knife from the dull side. Finally, cold compresses or an antihistamine gel calm the pains. If you have a headache or chills, take your baby to the doctor.
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If you have a nosebleed:
To stop the baby's bleeding, have the baby tilt his head forward instead of backward, as is often done. Then invite the child to blow his nose, to eliminate any clots that have formed and at this point, to promote the healing of the blood vessels, squeeze the nostrils between thumb and forefinger for 5-10 minutes.
In case of wasp or bee stings:
If the sting is still in the skin, it must be immediately extracted with the help of tweezers. Afterward, you can cool the sting with a wet rag or cold pack.
A chopped onion, a gel for insect bites, vinegar wraps can also help against pain and swelling.
In case of allergic reactions or a sting in the mouth, take the baby to the doctor as soon as possible.
In case of a tick bite:
Grab the tick's head with tweezers and pull it away from the sting site. Don't just scratch the animal off (in most cases the head stays inside) and don't squeeze it. If you have removed the tick, but the head is still attached to the skin, it must be removed with a sterile needle (like removing a splinter). Call meditator if you can't get the tick removed or if a fever or rash appears in the next week.
In case of bruises:
To avoid infection, wash the injured area under running water and remove any pebbles or splinters with a clean cloth or tweezers. Let it air dry and if the wound gets wet, cover it with a band-aid or sterile gauze.
In case of cuts:
These wounds should be allowed to bleed for a while (to allow any dirt that has penetrated to escape), before gently rejoining the wound edges and covering them with a plaster or gauze.
In case of bruises and bruises:
They will swell less if you put a damp cloth, cold metal spoon, or cold pack on them right away. St John's wort oil packs also decrease the blood supply to the bruised area. Or you can use arnica-based ointment.
Before leaving, what must be in each first aid kit?
- Fever thermometer
- Suppositories or fever syrup
- An ointment against insect bites
- A sunscreen
- Anti-itch gel
- A tweezers
- Plasters of different sizes and materials for dressings
- Disinfectant for wounds
- A wound ointment
- Nose drops and cough syrup depending on age
- Individual medicines you need, for example against asthma
- The phone number of your pediatrician
- family vacations
- pediatric first aid
- sea urchin