Look for one for some time pregnancy and you probably managed to stay pregnant.
During the first few weeks of pregnancy it is useful follow a few more precautions, do not get too tired and "listen" to your body. As soon as the test it is positive, it is always good to call the gynecologist to schedule the first one visit or the first analyzes to be done.
Let's see together everything that is useful to know about first weeks of pregnancy.
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I symptoms of the first weeks of pregnancy they can be very similar to those of the premenstrual syndrome.
Precisely for this reason, many women do not notice them at first, and only think that the period is coming.
Only with the delay of the cycle does one begin to think about a possible pregnancy and it is time to do the test.
here are the symptoms more frequent than a pregnancy:
- Delay of the menstrual cycle. It is usually the first sign a woman thinks about pregnancy. But it is not always reliable, because the delay in menstruation can also depend on stress, drugs, diseases or, simply, on an irregular cycle.
- Small blood loss. They are milder and less lasting than a normal period, and can often occur early in pregnancy. They can simply be plant losses, but it is always good to go to a doctor for a consultation.
- More sensitive breasts. In pregnancy the breast changes due to the hormonal storm that occurs in the woman's body. The breasts become larger and harder and the woman may feel painful tension.
- Darker nipples. It is an effect due to the increased blood pressure that occurs in pregnancy. Montgomery's tubercles also tend to become more prominent and more intense in color.
- Sensitivity to odors. Many women become pregnant more sensitive to odors because the senses are refined. Strong odors such as fish, smoke or coffee tend to be unpleasant.
- Very hungry. Let's immediately dispel a myth: in pregnancy you shouldn't eat for two. Of course, during pregnancy the body consumes more energy, but hunger pangs often occur even in times of stress or before menstruation. The advice is to stop the hunger attack with fresh vegetables (carrots or fennel) and to follow a balanced diet throughout the pregnancy.
- Hard and swollen belly. It is due to the increased production of progesterone that occurs during pregnancy. But constipation and bloating can also occur regardless of a pregnancy.
- Tension in the lower abdomen. It is the uterus that begins to grow in preparation for pregnancy. You may also feel some tearing in the groin because the ligaments tend to loosen: in this way the body prepares for the belly that will welcome the baby.
- I urge to pee. It's a classic: expectant mothers often need the bathroom. This symptom can be felt already in the first weeks.
- Tiredness. In the early period of pregnancy, blood pressure may drop a little, causing dizziness and fatigue. Fatigue, however, could also be due to anemia. It is therefore advisable to do blood tests.
- Nausea and malaise in the morning. The cause of this malaise is the pregnancy hormone chorionic gonadotropin (HCG). If the malaise is particularly intense, it is good to talk to a doctor.
- Choose who to follow you (gynecologist, obstetrician, clinic)
First of all, choose who will follow you during your pregnancy: it can be yours gynecologist always, a midwife, or you can go to a clinic or obstetrician-gynecological clinic of the hospital where you think you can give birth.
The important thing is to identify a person or a reference center as soon as possible, who will follow you all nine months of the pregnancy.
- Take folic acid
The ideal would be take folic acid also before conception, and in any case it is very important that you start taking it as soon as you discover the positive test.
"Folic acid supplementation it is recommended for three months (or at least one month) before pregnancy and throughout the first trimester and is very important for the prevention of congenital anomalies, especially those concerning the neural tube such as the spina bifida"says Anna Franca Cavaliere, a gynecologist at the Gemelli hospital in the city.
"The standard dose is 400 micrograms per day, unless there are specific conditions, such as epilepsy or type I diabetes, which require a dosage even times higher ".
Check your medications
Not all medications you can take during pregnancy. If you are taking any medications due to chronic illnesses, it is best to consult your gynecologist right away, who will decide whether to continue, modify or discontinue therapy.
In any case, it is good to ask your gynecologist for advice before taking any drug, even over the counter.
Take anti-toxoplasmosis precautions
If you do not yet know the state of immunity against certain infections such as toxoplasmosis, some precautions must be taken immediately, such as consume only cooked meats, carefully wash raw vegetables and avoid contact with animal feces, especially the cat.
Drink lots of water
During pregnancy, increases the amount of water the body needs, up to seven - eight liters more than usual, which is why it is normal for one pregnant woman needs more water. Furthermore, ensuring the right supply of water serves to maintain the optimal plasma volume within the blood vessels, preventing pressure drops.
Protect your skin from the sun
In summer, it is best not to expose yourself to the sun during the hottest hours. Also, remember to always apply one high sun protection, especially on the face, where, for hormonal reasons, they can appear dark spots (the so-called chloasma gravidarum).
Schedule flu and pertussis vaccines
Vaccines are generally avoided during pregnancy, except for two exceptions. They are in fact highly recommended by the experts flu vaccine and the one against the whooping cough, which help protect the health of the mother, fetus and unborn child. However, both of these vaccines are to be carried out in second quarter.
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No to smoking and alcohol
In pregnancy, a healthy lifestyle is very important and some behaviors that could endanger the health of the fetus should be eliminated immediately.
Therefore it is recommended:
- quit smoking
- stop drinking alcohol
Il cigarette smoking in pregnancy it is associated with numerous risks, such as:
- premature birth
- low birth weight
Alcohol is also to be avoided: it easily crosses the placenta and can be responsible for fetal alcohol syndrome. "By the way, it should be borne in mind that there is no dose of alcohol proven safe in pregnancy, so as a precaution it is advisable to avoid it completely "says the gynecologist.
No to intense sports
Avoid intense sports or at risk of trauma such as skiing, horseback riding, fit boxing, jogging and all competitive activities. But be careful, this does not mean that you have to lie on the sofa for nine months, quite the opposite! Exercise and sports are good for pregnancy, however, you must choose the ones that are more in line with the pregnancy.
No alla sauna
The sauna is to be avoided because it causes body temperature and sweating to rise, resulting in transient hyperthermia and doing lower blood pressure. As reminds us the National Health Service: "There are few studies related to the safety of sauna or bath turn into pregnancy, but it would be better to avoid, because they expose you to the risk of overheating, dehydration and fainting. "
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How are the weeks of pregnancy calculated?
The weeks of pregnancy are calculated from the first day of the last menstruation
How to know how many weeks pregnant I am?
To find out how many weeks of gestation we are, just use one of the tools found on the net: just enter the date of the last menstruation to get the presumed date of birth and what week of pregnancy you are.
How are weeks of pregnancy counted?
There are 40 weeks of pregnancy in all, they start counting from the first day of the last menstruation even if conception probably took place two weeks after the cycle.
- symptoms first week
- first week of pregnancy
- weeks 1-13