How to teach children to recognize emotions?

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Catherine Le Nevez
@catherinelenevez
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Source: ipa agency

A scared blue, red with shame, yellow with jealousy, green with envy, orange with joy and gray with sadness. The emozioni they are like a spectrum of colors, they cross us, but we are not always able to give them a name: it is important to learn from an early age to recognize and manage them, for a balanced development. Sara Agostini, teacher and head teacher, tells them in a simple and fun way in the book "The six stories of emotions", a useful tool to play and understand what you feel together with your children.




The difficulty of understanding emotions


Often, in the family as well as at school, a lot of attention is paid to cognitive development of the child, little to that emotional. The result is noted in adults unable to manage their emotions, with results in some cases even quite unhappy.



“When I was teaching philosophy in a high school I was struck by difficulties of children in managing emotions even quite simple - says the author -. My thoughts went to violent news stories, clearly borderline cases, which however arise from the same matrix. Then, as a head teacher in a comprehensive institution, I encountered the same difficulty and a widespread one fragility even in children. This is why I started writing this book and pursuing a path on emotions within the school ».

Read also: How to teach the ABCs of emotions to children




Cognitive and emotional intelligence


"The emotion education project was tiring, because the idea of ​​working on the development ofemotional intelligence is still viewed with suspicion. Yet, it is clear that working on the development of emotional intelligence also improves cognitive intelligence, because the child who is doing well in school learns more and learns better, while if he is disturbed by negative emotions he gets distracted, he does not listen. The overall well-being it is important, it is the basis: it should be taken into consideration, but it is often underestimated ».



How to tell children about emotions


So how do mom and dad "train" their children to recognize emotions?

TO LISTEN. «The first piece of advice I feel like giving is to to listen e speak a lot - continues Agostini -, encouraging children to give a name to the things they experience, because theirs is wider language, the better they can describe what they feel, the more they will be able to handle it. This also applies to small children, who do not have a very rich vocabulary ».

DRAW. "You can devote yourself to language in a playful way, drawing smilies and giving names to expressions: through words we learn to recognize what is inside us.

TO READ. «Let's not forget to dedicate time to the reading, which is always an excellent "connection" to talk about a thousand things ».

Read also: We learn to recognize a child's emotions


Conflict management


An example of how emotion recognition can be practically applied is the management of a conflict situation, such as a litigation between brothers, or between friends.

“At school we ask children to put yourself in the other's shoes, asking him what made him behave a certain way. It also works through stories, identifying with the characters of a story. Then we ask the children to wait a moment before presenting emotions, and before reacting. Internalize, talk, say how it feels. This work helps to develop a very important ability, which in the future will help them in relationships, of all kinds ".

TAG:
  • emozioni
  • intelligence
  • emotion management
  • 1-2 children years
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