Infertility, other ovulatory disorders

Please note:

: Articles related to this topic were updated in April 2022. Go to the article Female infertility, ovulatory disorders for more information.

Other causes that prevent ovulation are:

  • Premature ovarian failure, POF (premature ovarian failure) (early menopause): this occurs when a woman's menstrual flows end before age 40, often without an apparent cause. The ovaries no longer respond to FSH and LH stimuli and, as in physiological menopause, the blood concentrations of these two hormones are very high. .

  • hypothalamic amenorrhea - the inability to ovulate may be the result of a disorder of the hypothalamus.

  • hyperprolactinemia - tumors of the pituitary gland (adenomas) cause the secretion of high quantities of prolactin, the hormone normally produced after childbirth and which stimulates the breasts to produce milk. Prolactin inhibits the intermittent release of GnRH, thus preventing gonadotropin secretion, follicular development and ovulation, leading to amenorrhea. For this reason, breastfeeding is associated with a strong reduction (but not the total absence) of fertility

  • excessive exercise - ovulation can be suppressed in women who exercise at extreme levels (e.g. swimming, running, frequent gym attendance, etc.)

  • food disorders - women who lose weight below a certain threshold (or have a BMI below 20), for example due to anorexia nervosa, will stop ovulating, as will those who suffer from bulimia or who are significantly overweight. significant (or obese; usually people with a body mass index of a 29).

Read also:

Consultation by Prof Carlo Flamigni, surgeon, freelance professor in the obstetrics and gynecology clinic, member of the National Bioethics Committee.

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