Milk and dairy products in the children's diet

Milk and dairy products essential for growth They are in fact rich in proteins and vitamins, especially A, D, E, K and a lot of vitamin B. Milk and its derivatives are also the foods richest in calcium, which helps the nerves to transmit impulses to the muscles and is the most important of bones and teeth.

The calcium stored in the bones of a child or young person will form a reserve that will be used for life. This is why children, throughout childhood, should drink about half a liter of milk every day.

Do you want to know how much milk the newborn and infant should drink? Read all about breastfeeding and formula milk

How much milk should 1-3 year olds drink? After 12 months 200-400 ml / day of undiluted whole cow's milk is recommended if other foods of animal origin are included in the diet, 300-500 ml / day if they are not.

To ensure that the milk is microbiologically safe, it is important that it is pasteurized or boiled before use. Skimmed (usually less than 0.5% fat) or semi-skimmed (1.5-2% fat) cow's milk has significantly lower energy and vitamin content than whole milk and is not recommended for children under two years of age.

Fresh milk expires in a few days. Fermentation extends its duration and allows its conservation and transport. Fermented milks are similar to fresh milk from a nutritional point of view, they are an excellent source of nutrients such as calcium, proteins, phosphorus and riboflavin. The two most common products of fermentation are yogurt and cheese. They can be introduced in small quantities from about six to nine months of age.

For baby milk read the Breastfeeding specials, all you need to know and Artificial milk, the rules to follow

Better fresh milk or Uht? The taste of UHT milk (long-life) is less pleasant than that of Frasco. However, Uht milk contains almost the same nutritional properties as fresh (pasteurized) milk: it has only 10% fewer vitamins than pasteurized milk and the calcium content is also almost the same.

Are all dairy products good for children? It's not for sure! Fruit yogurts, puddings, and chocolate milk often contain a lot of fat and sugar, as well as flavorings, dyes and other additives.

Milk intolerance Some people are intolerant to milk (especially the lactose contained in milk) and cannot digest it. In these cases, dairy products or acidified cheeses can be a valid alternative. In addition, there are more and more supermarkets that sell lactose-free milk.

In case of allergy to milk proteins, it is advisable to seek advice from a nutritionist in order to guarantee the children a sufficient supply of the most important nutrients.

If the baby does not want to drink milk ... You can get him used to overcoming the monotony of the usual 'milk and biscuits' breakfast. How? Get used to varying the "milk companions", which can be cereal flakes, bread, rusks, muesli depending on the day.

If your child doesn't really want to know about milk, you can get around the obstacle by offering yogurt and cheese. Remember that the calcium contained in a quarter of whole milk (about 300 mg) is also found in:

  • 2 pots of yogurt

  • 160 gr of ice cream

  • 75 grams of mozzarella

  • 50 gr of soft cheese

  • 20 gr of parmesan cheese

A trick: congela the fruit yogurt in the special molds to make popsicles with a stick.

(Article taken from

Read also The feeding of the baby after weaning

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