Music and Children: benefits, tools and how to approach them

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Marie-Ange Demory
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Music and children

La music it pervades many aspects of our life and at times it can become the protagonist of our family habits and an important part of daily life. From birth, parents instinctively use music to calm the baby's crying or to express joy and love and interact with the baby. Furthermore, many studies have now shown that the link between music and children it can favor the psychological development of children, improve their social skills and have a positive effect on psychic well-being.

How to introduce children to music

It is good to expose the child to music from the very beginning tender age, however, it is also important to adapt the various choices and stimuli to the child's age. As he explained to us Beatrice Mansi Montenegro, director of the Accademia di Musica Piccoli Mozart and editorial manager of Edizioni Volontè & Co, it is above all important to share musical experiences with your child.

It would be useful to let the child listen, or rather, listen with the child to music drawn from the most varied repertoires, of as different genres as possible, including so-called "classical" or jazz music.

Explains the expert who underlines how important it is to participate with the child in concerts, musical events etc to share the discovery of new genres together.

Of course, parents who are passionate about music can do a lot to bring their children closer and stimulate the same passion and one of the best ways to do this is to take them to concerts.
When can you start? Erika Biral, pediatrician of the Policentro Pediatrico of our city advises to avoid concerts with very young children and pay attention to the decibels and the most crowded areas.

As regards'age to which enroll children in a real music course, Montenegro explains:

From the age of 3, the musical courses can include the use of musical instruments from the Orff instrument set, but also small approaches to the keyboard (which among the instruments is the most immediate, together with the voice). From the age of four, musical courses can become more structured, progressive but always very gradual

In any case, among the tips and golden rules to follow, the Maestro Daniele Parziani, Director of the I Piccoli Pomeriggi Musicali Orchestra of our city, made up of very young musicians, explains that the first step is to bring the child closer to music in a gradual and playful way:

The optimal approach is that of the preparatory group courses - designed for children of 3-4 years - where you discover the whole musical universe in a fun way.

The imperative, in the 10 rules to follow to bring children to music in the right way, is not to to impose music lessons from above, inserting them into the already dense agenda of children, but gradually indulge a passion that should be cultivated and shared from an early age.


Music and children, 10 tips for parents to start their children

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The benefits of music

Numerous studies have analyzed the benefits of music for children and evaluated its impact on social and psychological development. For example, a research from the University of Washington, published in the journal Pnas, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, found that music helps improve the cognitive abilities of newborns, while an American study, published in the Journal of Neuroscience, concluded that studying music improves listening skills.

And again, one I study German of 2022 showed that music improves cognitive and non-cognitive skills more than twice as much as sports, theater or dance.

But why is it important to start early? Because literature is full of incontrovertible proof of the many benefits of early exposure to music. For example, a link between musical and linguistic processes has been demonstrated, but it has also been shown that music improves logical and mathematical skills, and in the long run also academic performance.

How to choose the right musical instrument

Cristina Frosini, director of the Conservatory of our city, he explained to us that you can start from when the children are very young, around the age of two or three, with courses that offer specific paths and methods such as the Suzuki or Yamaha method.

In choosing, you must also be guided by the teacher's advice but also by the natural inclination of the child and his physical characteristics. Furthermore, he explains:
To learn to play an instrument it is necessary to study with commitment, discipline and constancy. This is why I observe that the children who attend the conservatory are more mature and responsible

Certainly one of the most loved instruments by the very young is the piano. What are the benefits of the piano?

One of the reasons for its success is linked to immediacy: being a fixed-tuning instrument, it immediately gives satisfaction because it is enough to lower a key to obtain a sound. More complicated is the experience of a wind instrumentalist, who has to learn how to build sound starting from a tube

explains Marco Bettuzzi, teacher at the Paganini Conservatory of Genoa and president of the Valentina Abrami association.


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Babies and white noise
Many new parents experience the unexpected usefulness of so-called white noise in making babies fall asleep. But what is white noise? It is a sound that represents the sum of all audible frequencies e sounds such as those of the hair dryer, vacuum cleaner, hood or fan come very close to it. This is why parents discover, not without surprise, that leaving the hairdryer or the kitchen hood on calms the baby and helps him fall asleep.

Various types of children's music

Ma what is the most suitable musical genre for children? Here are our tips

  • Relaxing music for children: among the relaxing music for children there is the classical one, or the melodies that are used for meditation or for moments of relaxation. Beatrice Mansi Montenegro, director of the Accademia di Musica Piccoli Mozart and editorial manager of Edizioni Volontè & Co, explains that for a child it is certainly relaxing even just the mom's voice (or that of the father) who sings him a popular lullaby.
  • Music to listen to on the go: Fabio and Giulia, authors of, the site that collects family travel experiences, gave us theirs travel playlist favorite, in which we find both the most popular children's songs and the hits of the moment.
  • The classical music playlist for children: in the book with CD "My most beautiful classical melodies for the little ones"(Edizioni Curci), 17 pieces of classical music suitable for children have been selected, from Bach to Bizet, from Revel to Rossini.
  • Children's favorite lullabies: some time ago we asked you on Facebook what the lullabies were lullabies most loved by your children. The standings? In the first place there is "The lullaby of the coffee bean", in the second "Lullaby oh" and on the third step of the podium "Whiskey the spider".

Musical and educational games for children

Give a gift musical game for a baby of a few months is an excellent idea: these games entertain children with melodies, nursery rhymes, sounds also going to stimulate cognitive abilities, creativity and language.
Among the most popular games we find gyms and musical carpets, talking farms, books that tell nursery rhymes but also simple rattles and the first musical instruments.

  • musical education
  • learning
  • 1-2 children years
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