Safety in the home and children: the guide of the Ministry of Health from 0 to 6 years

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Marie-Ange Demory
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Children and safety: what can be done to have a safe home?



Here is a mini-guide on how to reduce the risks of domestic accidents by the Ministry of Health divided by age group. Since he was born in the sixth year of life.

From 1 to 3 months: pay attention to the changing table and baby bath temperature

Risk of: fall, asphyxiation, burn, car accident



Preventive measures:

  • the baby should never be left alone on the changing table or on high floors
  • The bars of the bed must NOT have a distance greater than 6 cm and a height of less than 75 cm. The mattress must be wedged to the bottom
  • Always check the bath water with a bath thermometer or at least the "elbow test". The right is 37 °.
  • Also pay attention to the temperature of the bottle if bottle-fed. The "hand test" is recommended.
  • In the car, the child must be seated in an approved seat suitable for his age. And he should never be left alone.
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From 6 to 9 months: pay attention to what he can reach by crawling

Risk of: fall, asphyxiation / drowning, burn, car accident



Preventive measures:

  • Changing table, cot and scale must have high edges. In the changing table, the baby must be locked with the appropriate restraint systems.
  • NEVER leave the baby alone in the bath. Even if there are a few inches of water.
  • On all fours, the child can reach many objects, also positioned on furniture around you: attention to fireplaces, stairs, stoves or protruding pot handles. Lock the low furniture and use the corner protectors. Curtains can also be dangerous because the child can pull them to get up. Check that they are sturdy and well secured. Also pay attention to the tablecloths: they could drag them on. Flying pc cables and dangling electrical sockets need to be tidied up. Throw away appliances with damaged or non-compliant cables.
  • Items: Store sharp ones out of her reach as well as lanyards, bracelets and small items not suitable for her age.
  • In the car, always tie up the child and use a suitable seat.

From 12 to 18 months: safely dangerous or toxic substances and houseplants

Risk of: fall, asphyxiation / drowning, intoxication / poisoning, burns, car accident

Preventive measures:

  • Do not give the child small items (cars, girls, beads, etc). He could swallow them
  • Also beware of small foods such as peanuts, grapes, cherry tomatoes, candies, raw carrots, pieces of apple, frankfurters: they can cause suffocation if they end up in the trachea.
  • Secure hazardous substances such as detergents, insecticides, cleaners, drugs, or alcohol
  • Many houseplants are poisonous. Attention, for example, to the poinsettia, cyclamen, oleando and ficus). Always keep the number of the Anti-Poison Center handy
  • Always lock it on the high chair
  • Use door locks and locks for low utensils, under sinks. Use the edge protector.
  • Install gates at the beginning and end of the stairs
  • Empty bathtubs, basins, bidets or other containers immediately after use.
  • Pay attention to the pots on the hob, oven glass if in use, iron and fireplace. Store electrical appliances after use.
  • Synthetic fabrics double the risk of burns: it is a good idea to dress the child with natural fabrics.
  • In the car, always tie up the child and use a suitable seat.
25 PHOTOS

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From 2 to 3 years: the child is a little climber

Risk of: fall, asphyxiation / drowning, intoxication / poisoning, burns, car accident (whether aboard or due to a car)

Preventive measures:

  • mount stair gates, corner protectors, fix the bookcases to the walls, lock the drawers (open they can become a "ladder" to climb)
  • the carpets must be non-slip or buy special anti-slip cloths to be placed underneath
  • Remove chairs, vases, toys and boxes near windows, balconies or terraces: they can be used as climbing holds
  • Cover the glass of doors and windows with an adhesive film that prevents shattering in the event of a collision
  • Remove plastic bags and small, sharp or pointed objects from the child's reach
  • Beware of chemicals. Do not pour them into containers other than the original ones so as not to create confusion. And together with medicines and alcohol they must always be out of the reach of children. You can teach your child the main danger symbols on the labels.
  • Lighters and matches out of the reach of children. If you don't have one, consider installing a smoke detector in your home.
  • The child should never be left alone in the bathroom. Use non-slip mats in the tub
  • In the car, always tie up the child and use a suitable seat.
  • Teach the child that animals are not toys. They may get angry if disturbed
  • Automobile: you can install reversing sensors to prevent harm to the baby. Always pay attention to when maneuvering with the car.

From 4 to 6 years: beware of traffic and cars

Risk of: fall, asphyxiation / drowning, intoxication / poisoning, burns, car accident (whether aboard or due to a car)

Preventive measures:

  • Pay attention to all previous measures already written
  • The bike must always be used with a helmet and in closed parks or gardens
  • Making lighters, fireworks, barrels and candles inaccessible
  • Alcohol and berries: explain to the child the risks in case of ingestion
  • Beware of bunk beds, furniture, windows: they can be occasions for "throwing"
  • Put away electrical appliances such as a drill, hair dryer, kitchen utensils immediately after use
  • On the street in the evening: you can use reflectors on backpacks or shoes or make skilful lights more visible than dark ones.

Read everything carefully and consider that there may always be something missing from the proposed list that something could derive from your knowledge of the house you live in and the habits of your children.

Source: salute.gov.com

Also watch all the videos on pediatric first aid

TAG:
  • child safety
  • 1-2 children years
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