Skin sprinkled with whitish micro-bubbles, perhaps on a reddened and rough background: it is there sudamina (or milaria), a condition caused by the skin not being able to breathe properly. But don't worry: it usually passes quickly, with a few simple tricks. Here are symptoms, cause and remedies of the sudamine or miliaria in children.
Sudamine in children (PHOTO)go to the gallery
If your baby's skin has turned red and rough and a lot of small bubbles have appeared on it, it could be miliaria or, more commonly, sweat. Skin...
In this article
- What it is, how it manifests itself and how to recognize it
- How long does it last
- Care, remedies and treatment
- Crema sudamina
Sweat, what it is, how it manifests itself and how to recognize it
What is it
"The skin affected by sudamine is generally red and rough and covered with slightly detected micro-bubbles" explains Marangione, head of Neonatology and neonatal pathology at Humanitas San Pio X in our city.
It is a striking outburst especially in summer, but it can also appear in winter if the conditions are such as to make you sweat. As an information page from the American Mayo Clinic explains, "the sudamina develops when the sweat ducts become blocked, so sweat, instead of evaporating, gets trapped under the skin, causing inflammation and rash ".Read also: Sos hot: tips for children
Where it hits
This is why sudamine mainly affects areas of the body that tend to heat up the most, such as:
- il package,
- the neck,
- the groin,
- the armpits,
- the folds of the limbs,
- but also the face in newborns.
It is not a serious pathology, on the contrary: it is generally asymptomatic and only in the most important forms, in which the bubbles tend to become more raised and red, it can also cause itching.
Because it mainly affects children
È more common in children, because adults have a better ability to thermoregulation and when they feel they are hot they discover themselves. "Children, on the other hand, and especially infants, cannot undress on their own if they feel hot" says Marangione. "Plus they have a smaller body surface to expel heat, so they struggle more."
How long does the sudamine last
"The irritation continues until the environmental situations that cause it are corrected. In general, however, if treated well it resolves in about 48 hours " says the neonatologist.
Remedies? To combat sudamine, some simple measures can be adopted to help cool the baby:
- Light, if necessary, also taking off the diaper. If you have to go out, dress him as lightly as possible, with soft cotton clothing, not too close to the skin;
- Do not wear rough and synthetic fabrics when holding it. Always better opt for cotton garments;
- At home, keep a dry environment: do not be afraid to use the air conditioner, but it is not the case to live in an icebox. Just set the dehumidification mode to have a comfortable environment, or use a fan (without directing it directly to the child, however);
- Do a refreshing bath, even several times a day with warm water to which add a spoonful of rice or corn starch or bicarbonate, which have an absorbent action. The leather should be dried with a soft cloth, dabbing;
- Try to keep the baby in one cool, for example, avoiding taking it to the sea in the hottest hours of the day;
- Trim his nails: in this way, you will prevent it from being scratched by scratching, with the risk of developing over-infections.
"In severe cases, when the sudamine is very extensive or very deep it may be useful to give it a oral antihistamine, obviously after consulting the pediatrician "advises Marangione." These, however, are forms that, especially in the infant, can be prevented by noticing the skin reaction beforehand and implementing all the precautions previously seen to regulate the baby's temperature ".Read also: Solar erythema in children
"Once the acute phase has resolved, when the erythema has disappeared, a light veil of moisturizer suitable for children and not too greasy to restore skin softness ".
How to prevent sudamine
Prevention: what to do to prevent sweat in the baby? "Always first check that the child is hydrated, not only by observing the skin, but also by making him drink milk or water if he is older. In order to be sure that you are getting an intake of fluids that is adequate for adequate hydration, "advises the specialist.
Another precaution to avoid the onset of sudamine is to "always check the baby's temperature touching the back of his neck and always keeping him in a cool environment, avoiding letting him out during the hottest hours of the day ".
Red dots in the child
The child has become filled with red dots: is it sweat, atopic dermatitis or a rash disease like the sixth disease?
- sudamine: more likely when it occurs in the parts where you sweat the most
- atopic dermatitis: itching and red spots on the skin of the face, arms and legs
- exanthematous disease: if there is fever
Find out in this in-depth study.Read also: Children: the best of the sun
Questions and answers
How long does sudamine last?
If treated well it resolves in 48 hours.
How to recognize sudamine from atopic dermatitis?
Sudamine is more likely to occur in the parts where you sweat the most. Atopic dermatitis causes itching and red spots on the face, arms and legs.
How to distinguish sudamine from the sixth disease?
The 'sixth disease' occurs in very young children, usually in the first 3 years of life, and the red dots appear after a few days of fever, ie in the recovery phase.
- cause sudamina
- sudamina remedies
- bubbles on the baby