The stages of the child's development, from birth to 6 years

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Catherine Le Nevez
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The stages of the child's development

When a baby arrives, parents wonder what to expect from his growth: when they see it smile for the first time, when will he say the first words when will begin to walk. Obviously there are no "fixed moments" in which certain things must happen: there is not a precise month in which all children must learn to walk or hold the spoon.





Indeed, experience tells us that there are children who walk at 10 months, while others at 15 do not yet. That some begin the first tests without a diaper around the age of two, others arrive a year later. AND experts reassure: every child has his own times, and gaining a certain skill a little earlier or a little later does not affect overall development.

Having said that, however, it is equally true that there are precise ones growth stages: time intervals in which children tend to acquire certain skills. Here then is one indicative scheme of these phases, divided by different abilities (motor, language, relationship and cognitive).

If the child has any small anomalies with respect to this pattern, in general there is no need to worry: it can be one normal individual variability. However, if you do not feel safe, it is better not to be left with the doubt: that's enough consult your pediatrician, who will be able to assess the situation and advise on what to do. At the end of the article you will find the indication of the scientific sources for the development of this table.

7 PHOTOS

The development of the child from one to two years

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From one to two years: how much progress! The child learns to walk, to say the first words, to make speeches .... also to establish the first friendships. He becomes a little adventurer to discover ...



In this article

  • The development of the baby from 0 to 3 months 
  • Baby's development at 4 months (3-5 months)
  • Baby's development at 6 months (5-7 months)
  • Baby's development at 9 months (8-10 months)
  • Baby's development at 12 months (11-15 months)
  • The development of the child at 18-24 months
  • The development of the child at 30-36 months
  • The development of the child at 3,5-4 years
  • The development of the child at 4-6 years
Read also: Pediatrician, how to choose the right one

The development of the baby from 0 to 3 months

MOTOR AREA



  • Gradually increase the ability to check your head, which she manages to keep uplifted little by little. He also begins to lift her up when she is on her stomach.
  • Gradually increase the ability to bring your hands to your mouth.

RELATIONAL AREA

  • He begins to stare and briefly follow familiar faces like that of the mother.
  • When he cries, he can be comforted by talking to him, holding him in his arms or offering him something to suck (breast, pacifier, bottle). Sometimes she begins to console herself even by herself, perhaps putting her hands to her mouth.
  • He begins to smile in response to the smile of an adult.

HEARING, SIGHT AND LANGUAGE

  • Reacts to sounds.
  • Start the first vocalizations.

Baby's development at 4 months (3-5 months)

MOTOR AREA

  • Raise your head well and turn it to the side, even on your stomach. In this position, he can begin to push on his elbows.
  • Try to get on On the side when on his stomach.
  • Is it able to grabbing objects, to shake them, to bring them to the mouth.

RELATIONAL AREA

  • He responds with simple vocalizations to the voice of those around him.
  • He smiles spontaneously, especially to people.

HEARING, SIGHT AND LANGUAGE

  • Starts to locate sounds and reacts to her mother's voice.
  • Follows moving objects.
  • He begins to recognize familiar faces and objects, even from a distance.
Read also: Newborn growth charts

Baby's development at 6 months (5-7 months)


MOTOR AREA

  • She sitting with or without support.
  • Check your head and torso well.
  • He manages to get on his side and roll over.
  • Si bend at the knees when the feet are resting on a stable surface.
  • He grasps objects, both with his left and right, and brings them to his mouth.

RELATIONAL AREA

  • It recognizes familiar faces and begins to behave differently from usual when she is with strangers.
  • He likes to play with others, especially parents.
  • Responds to other people's emotions, and he often seems happy.
  • He likes to look at himself at the mirror.
  • It's a lot curious about games and objects, which tends to touch and explore.
  • He can begin to answer his own name.
  • He may begin to be attracted to foods other than milk, even solid (a piece of bread) or semi-solid, which he can bring to his mouth.

HEARING, SIGHT AND LANGUAGE

  • It responds to sounds by making sounds.
  • Begins the lallation.
  • It fully develops color vision and increases the ability to follow moving objects with the eyes.
Read also: Children's language, 11 tips to develop (and enrich) the vocabulary

Baby's development at 9 months (8-10 months)

MOTOR AREA

  • Rolls, crawls, crawls, sits up on his own.
  • It succeeds in support your weight on your legs and, in some cases, to stand up.
  • He passes objects from one hand to the other, releases them, manages to grab objects with two fingers.

RELATIONAL AREA

  • It responds to its own name.
  • He can have fear of strangers.
  • He begins to have his own favorite toys.
  • He begins to imitate familiar gestures (grimaces, clapping, bye-bye).

HEARING, SIGHT AND LANGUAGE

  • Pronounce and repeat small chains of sounds.
12 PHOTOS

How a baby grows month by month in the first year of life

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From the first smiles to when he manages to hold his head alone, from when he begins to take an interest in food at the first steps. In the first year of a child's life, every little progress is a ...

Baby's development at 12 months (11-15 months)


MOTOR AREA

  • He gets to his feet and does it side steps, walks leaning against furniture or autonomously.
  • Grab objects in the way increasingly fine and coordinated.
  • Starts to use the teaspoon alone.
  • Play with your clothes and, if you can, takes off her stockings.
  • Puts and removes objects from a container.

RELATIONAL / COGNITIVE AREA

  • He is shy or nervous around strangers.
  • It can show fear in some circumstances.
  • Hand out a book to the parents (or caregivers) when they want to hear a story.
  • Spesso cries when mom or dad walk away.
  • Starts to use objects correctly (the comb for combing your hair, the glass for drinking, the telephone for making calls ...).
  • Indicates.
  • Show preferences towards particular games or people.
  • Stretch your arms or legs while dressing it.

HEARING, SIGHT AND LANGUAGE

  • Includes the "no".
  • He says "mum and dad" and mentions a few more words.
Read also: How tall will your child be

The development of the child at 18-24 months

MOTOR AREA

  • Walk independently, runs, overcomes small obstacles, "dances";
  • Drag objects while walking.
  • It can drink from the glass and eat with a spoon.
  • He goes up and down the furniture unaided, he climbs and descends the stairs holding on to a support;
  • Succeed in thread small objects and to copy very simple signs.
  • Can help out when undressed.

RELATIONAL / COGNITIVE AREA

  • He is interested in peers (whose presence usually excites him) and adults.
  • Try to eat, get dressed, undress yourself.
  • It succeeds in play alone for a while'and play "to pretend to ..."
  • Show affection towards family members.
  • Yes "adventure" in small explorations of the environment, as long as the parents stay close.
  • Indicate to show and request.

HEARING, SIGHT AND LANGUAGE

  • It makes itself understood (says a few words and uses simple sentences, a couple of words).
  • He responds, even with gestures, to questions concerning him.
  • Understands what others are saying.
  • Execute small "commands" (for example the request to sit down).
Read also: The importance of the game to "learn" emotions

The development of the child at 30-36 months

MOTOR AREA

  • He goes up and down the stairs, alternating his feet (one for each step); jump, start pedaling.
  • Draw while holding the pencil in the correct position, paste, use scissors.
  • Check your sphincters at morning.
  • He manages to complete small puzzles and to build small towers.
  • He can copy the circles with a pencil.
Read also: How to teach children to ride a bike in 7 steps

RELATIONAL / COGNITIVE AREA

  • Show new emotions such as shame, pride, aggression, possessiveness;
  • Socialize with adults and peers, carries out activities in cooperation with other childreni, recognizing the rules (he can wait his turn to enter a game).
  • Combine shapes, know colors and body parts.
  • He knows how to dress and undress himself.
  • Begin to get a sense of the gender difference.
  • Begin to "get to know each other": his gender, his personality, his skills, how he feels in the world.

HEARING, SIGHT AND LANGUAGE

  • Speak understandably to strangers too.
  • It has some grammar rules.
  • He answers questions.
  • Tell little stories or parts of a story.
6 PHOTOS

The development of the child from two to three years

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What progress! Do I remember his first steps? Now the baby walks safely on his legs. And the first word of him? At the age of two he is already able to tell about 150. Find out all the stages ...

The development of the child at 3,5-4 years

MOTOR AREA

  • He jumps and can only stand on one foot for a few seconds.
  • Is it able to catch a ball on the fly.
  • It succeeds in manipulate their own food (mix, cut, pour) quite correctly.
  • Use the scissors well.

RELATIONAL / COGNITIVE AREA

  • He begins to like doing new things.
  • Play "mom and dad".
  • He has always greater inventiveness in games of imagination.
  • He doesn't always manage to distinguish fantasy from reality.
  • He likes play in company of other children.
  • It includes the idea of ​​"counting".
  • Start having an idea of ​​time.
  • Anticipates the events of a story he knows.

HEARING, SIGHT AND LANGUAGE

  • Tell stories.
  • Remember songs or poems by heart.
Read also: Newborn growth: goodbye to percentiles, new tables on the way

The development of the child at 4-6 years

MOTOR AREA

  • He manages his own eating and personal hygiene.

RELATIONAL / COGNITIVE AREA

  • Begin to understand, explain and, when possible, control the surrounding world.
  • Starts to distinguish fantasy and reality.
  • Increase the curiosity about the differences.
  • Enhance the ability of collaborate and follow rules.
  • Draw the human figure with more and more details.
  • Improve understanding of the combination of shapes, colors and sequences.

HEARING, SIGHT AND LANGUAGE

  • Start counting and recognize letters and words.
  • He knows how to tell stories and experiences.
  • Use the future

Sources for this article:

Materiale Learn the signs/Milestones dei Centers for Disease Control and Prevention di Atlanta;

material on the growth of the Ministry of Health;

materiale dell'American Academy of Pediatrics (Bright Futures: Guidelines for Health Supervision of Infants, Children, and Adolescents);

material from the Emedicine site (Infant Milestones)

Questions and answers

How many months do babies smile at?  

The baby's reflex smile normally disappears at 2 months, and its first true appearance will appear between one and a half months and 3 months (or 6 - 12 weeks) of life.

When does the child say the first words?

Starting from one year of age, the production of the first words begins, up to the age of 2, when the child should be able to produce between 50 and 80 words.

At what age can you start removing the diaper?

The diaper should be removed when the time is right! Generally this moment coincides with 2 years for girls and 3 years for boys. Children need to understand what they need to do when they feel a full bladder.

TAG:
  • developmental milestones of the child from 3 months to 6 years
  • how a child grows
  • stages of growth
  • development stages
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