He is a tender teddy bear in a red shirt, a honey lover, with many friends and a large park. We are talking about Winnie The Pooh, the bear most loved by children around the world. But the Disney masterpiece is not just a figment of imagination. Come and discover the true story of Winnie The Pooh!
In this article
- The true story of Winnie The Pooh
- Winnie The Pooh: a true friendship
- The arrival of Christopher Robin
Read also: Return to the 100 Acre Wood: from 30 August to the cinema
The true story of Winnie The Pooh
In the small town of White River, Ontario, on August 24, 1914, a train loaded with soldiers arrived. The Lieutenant Harry Colebourn he stepped down the steps of his wagon onto the station platform when an unusual sight caught his attention: a black bear cub no more than seven months old on a leash held by a hunter trying to attract the attention of a buyer.
In the 27-year-old Canadian soldier, the hunter found the perfect client. Born in Birmingham, England, Colebourn has always loved animals. At the age of 18, he emigrated to Canada to study veterinary surgery. After graduating from Ontario Veterinary College in 1911, Colebourn settled in Winnipeg to find work in the Department of Agriculture. Days after World War I began, young Fort Garry Horse cavalry regiment veterinary officer was among the first to enlist and leave Winnipeg for military training camp in Valcartier, Quebec.
During the brief stop at White River, Colebourn picked up the bear in his arms as the hunter explained that he had killed his mother but could not do the same with the orphaned cub. The bear quickly captured the soldier's heart. The cavalry vet bought the cute puppy for $ 20 and was back on the train with his new pet, whom he named "Winnipeg" in homage to his hometown.
Winnie The Pooh: a true friendship
During the weeks that Colebourn spent training with other members of the Canadian Expeditionary Force in Valcartier, the bear, nicknamed "Winnie", proved to be a trusted companion. Harry trained Winnie with a reward of apples and a mixture of condensed milk and corn syrup. The puppy slept under her cot and followed him like a puppy. When he wasn't climbing the tent poles or playing with his owner, the bear posed for photographs with the soldiers and became the regimental mascot.
In early October, Colebourn boarded the SS Manitou military transport with Winnie in tow as it set sail for England for further instructions. After seven weeks of training on Salisbury Plain, the veterinary officer got the call to the Western Front. The trenches of France were hardly a place for a man, let alone a bear, so on December 9, 1914, Colebourn took Winnie to her new home at the London Zoo, which had just opened a new bear habitat that resembled a landscape. Mountain. Before parting ways, the soldier promised to take Winnie back to Canada once the war was over, which he hoped would be a matter of months.
Whenever Colebourn received a coveted license from the front, he visited Winnie at his new home. Though she had grown from cub to bear, she was as gentle as ever. Zoo keeper Ernest Sceales told a London newspaper in 1933 that Winnie was "the most docile and polite bear we've ever had at the zoo." The children were even allowed to enter the bear pit to ride on Winnie's back or feed her.
1918, Colebourn reunited with Winnie. Despite his promise at the start of the war, however, the soldier could not bring the black bear back to Canada. She knew that his pet no longer belonged to him, but to the people of London. After saying goodbye to Winnie for the last time, Colebourn returned to Winnipeg, where he continued to work for the Department of Agriculture and opened a small animal hospital in the back of his house.
The arrival of Christopher Robin
Among the London children who continued to be affected by Winnie for years to come was a little boy named Christopher Robin Milne who repeatedly begged his father, author AA Milne, to take him to the zoo where he fed spoons of milk. condensed to the friendly black bear between big furry hugs. Christopher Robin became so fond of the London Zoo's main attraction that he changed his teddy bear's name from "Edward" to "Winnie the Pooh", a fusion of the black bear's name and a nickname he had given to a swan he met every morning.
Winnie the Pooh and other Christopher Robin kindergarten plushes, including Piglet, Eeyore, Kanga, Roo, and Tigger, served as inspiration for his father's most famous tales. AA. Milne had been a prolific playwright, screenwriter, crime novelist, and contributor to the humor magazine Punch when he first brought to life the character of Winnie-the-Pooh in his 1924 children's poetry book, "When We Were Very Young." This was followed by the publication of an entire volume of stories, "Winnie-the-Pooh", in 1926. A sequel, "The House at Pooh Corner", was released two years later. Like Colebourn, Milne had served in World War I, and the idyllic setting of the 100-acre Woods was actually a reminder of the Western Front during the war.
When Winnie died in 1934 at the age of 20, her death made headlines around the world.
- Winnie the Pooh is one of only 16 fictional characters to have their own star on the Walk of Fame.
- There is even a sport inspired by Winnie the Pooh! It consists of positioning yourself on a bridge and throwing sticks into a stream like Winnie and his friends do. The stick that reaches the finish line first is the winner. The game is called Poohsticks and every year there are even championships in Oxfordshire.
- To be remembered for life as the tender child of the Hundred Acre Wood did not appeal to Christopher Robin Milne. Like his father before him, he became a writer, but in his books he recounted his childhood in far from flattering terms. "I've always had the impression that my father had achieved his success at my expense, that he had even stolen my name to leave me with only an empty fame ".
- In 1961 Walt Disney also bought i cinematographic rights from Milne's widow, Daphne, and thus a brand was born that continues to thrive even today. The first series of Winnie the Pooh short films hit theaters in the late 60s, and in 1977 came the first animated film, "The Adventures of Winnie the Pooh". The profits from the merchandising linked to the bear, today, seem to rival those of Mickey Mouse ...
- "Winnie Ille Pu", Dr. Alexander Lenard's 1960 Latin translation, was a New York Times best-seller for 20 weeks. With 21 reprints and 125.000 copies sold it is the only book in Latin to ever have succeeded in such a feat - reviews of the time called it "the best book ever in a dead language". The success also demonstrates the popularity of Winnie the Pooh. His adventures have been translated into over 50 languages.
- De Castor is the only character of Winnie the Pooh's friends to have been invented by Disney and not by Milne's imagination. He himself specifies this in the film, directly telling viewers that he is not in the book.
- Jim Cummings today is the voice of both Pooh and Tigger. He also voiced the hyena Ed in the Lion King, Pocahontas' father, the centaur Nessus of Hercules and the firefly Ray in The Princess and the Frog. He is also the official voice of Gambadilegno and Darkwing Duck.
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- children's fairy tales